Energy drink use may lead to alcohol dependence

energy drink canEnergy drink consumption is strongly linked with risks of heavy drinking and alcohol dependence.

Energy drinks are commonly consumed by teens and college students.

A new study shows that energy drink consumption is strongly associated with increased risks for heavy drinking and alcohol dependence.

These results call for more scrutiny regarding the possible negative health effects of energy drinks and public education about the risks of consuming energy drinks with alcohol.

A hallmark of college life is staying up late to study for an exam the following morning, and many students stay awake by consuming an energy drink. Also increasing in popularity is the practice of mixing alcohol with energy drinks. But these drinks are highly caffeinated and can lead to other problems, in addition to losing sleep. Unfortunately, the contents of energy drinks are not regulated.

New research indicates that individuals who have a high frequency of energy drink consumption (52 or more times within a year) were at a statistically significant higher risk for alcohol dependence and episodes of heavy drinking.

The results will be published in the February 2011 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.

Amelia M. Arria, the lead author of the study, Director of the Center on Young Adult Health and Development at the University of Maryland School of Public Health, and a Senior Scientist at the Treatment Research Institute, said that prior research has highlighted the dangers of combining energy drinks with alcohol.

“We were able to examine if energy drink use was still associated with alcohol dependence, after controlling for risk-taking characteristics. The relationship persisted and the use of energy drinks was found to be associated with an increase in the risk of alcohol dependence.”

The study utilized data from more than 1,000 students enrolled at a public university who were asked about their consumption of energy drinks and their alcohol drinking behaviors within the past 12 months. The researchers found that individuals who consumed energy drinks at a high frequency were more likely to get drunk at an earlier age, drink more per drinking session, and were more likely to develop alcohol dependence compared to both non-users of energy drinks and the low-frequency users.

The results of this study confirm and extend earlier research about the risks of energy drink consumption. A major concern is that mixing energy drinks with alcohol can lead to “wide-awake drunkenness,” where caffeine masks the feeling of drunkenness but does not decrease actual alcohol-related impairment. As a result, the individual feels less drunk than they really are, which could lead them to consume even more alcohol or engage in risky activities like drunk driving.

“Caffeine does not antagonize or cancel out the impairment associated with drunkenness—it merely disguises the more obvious markers of that impairment,” says Kathleen Miller, a research scientist from the Research Institute on Addictions at the University at Buffalo.

According to her, the next steps in this research include identifying links between energy drinks and other forms of substance abuse, as well assessing the overall prevalence of energy drink use by adolescents and young adults.

“Also needed is research that directly assesses students’ reported reasons for mixing alcohol and energy drinks. Anecdotal reports suggest that part of this phenomenon may be driven by the perpetuation of myths (e.g., mixing alcohol and caffeine reduces drunkenness, prevents hangovers, or fools a breathalyzer test) that could be debunked through further education.”

Arria agrees, adding that further research and regulations are needed to curb this disturbing trend.

“The fact that there is no regulation on the amount of caffeine in energy drinks or no requirements related to the labeling of contents or possible health risks is concerning.”

###

Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research (ACER) is the official journal of the Research Society on Alcoholism and the International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism. Co-authors of the ACER paper, “Energy drink consumption and increased risk for alcohol dependence” were Kimberly M. Caldeira, Sarah J. Kasperski and Kathryn B. Vincent of the Center on Young Adult Health and Development at the University of Maryland School of Public Health, Department of Family Science, along with Roland R. Griffiths of the Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Kevin E. O’Grady from the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland College Park. The study was supported by funding from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. This release is supported by the Addiction Technology Transfer Center Network at http://www.ATTCnetwork.org.

Related Articles

Energy Drinks Linked to Substance Use in Musicians, Study Shows

*

98 comments for “Energy drink use may lead to alcohol dependence

  1. November 26, 2013 at 11:56 am

    louis vuitton bags replica louis vuitton belts mens pre owned louis vuitton bags louis vuitton belts for men louis vuitton hand bags louis vuitton london louis vuitton london louis vuitton leopard print scarf

  2. November 26, 2013 at 6:33 pm

    I almost never leave a response, however i did some searching and wound up here Energy drink use may lead to
    alcohol dependence | Heroin and Cornflakes. And I actually do have a few questions
    for you if you do not mind. Is it just me or does it seem like
    some of the comments look like written by brain dead people?
    :-P And, if you are posting at other online sites, I’d like to keep
    up with anything new you have to post. Could you make a list of all of your public sites like your twitter feed,
    Facebook page or linkedin profile?

  3. November 27, 2013 at 2:00 am

    It is that can help sooth the particular swelling as well as rushed skin color, which may or else past about a lot of time. The great news is, the patient can certainly still don compose once treatments.

  4. November 27, 2013 at 4:45 am

    Cheap fake UGG boots flat on the young women can easily cause serious injury. If wearing ugg time for you to reach six months or more will offer their feet cause permanent distortion, and will lead for you to foot ache and some other issues.

  5. November 27, 2013 at 4:45 am

    Cheap fake UGG boots flat on the young women can easily cause serious injury. If wearing ugg time in order to reach six months or more can give their feet cause permanent distortion, along with will lead in order to foot ache along with additional issues.

  6. November 27, 2013 at 4:46 am

    Cheap fake UGG boots flat about the young women may cause serious injury. If wearing ugg time to be able to reach six months or more will offer their feet cause permanent distortion, and also will lead to be able to foot pain and also various other issues.

  7. November 27, 2013 at 7:35 am

    Really feel the rubber about the frames. The rubber should come to feel soft on a real pair of Oakleys. On a phony pair it will be rough and difficult. You can also come to feel the variation by donning it for just a handful of minutes. It ought to really feel clean and comfortable on your nose and close to the ears.
    [url=http://www.oculosoakleybrasil.com]oakley feminino[/url]

  8. November 27, 2013 at 9:57 pm

    This sheepskin boots from 1910 began to be able to become popular among your shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a new small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, to be able to wrap their feet, they call this particular shoe is ugly boots.
    ugg 9603

  9. November 27, 2013 at 9:58 pm

    This sheepskin boots from 1910 began in order to turn out to be popular among the shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from the small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, in order to wrap their feet, they call this shoe is actually ugly boots.
    ugg 23.5

  10. November 27, 2013 at 9:58 pm

    This sheepskin boots from 1910 began to become popular among the shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, to wrap their feet, they call this particular shoe will be ugly boots.
    ugg amazon

  11. November 27, 2013 at 9:59 pm

    This sheepskin boots from 1910 began in order to turn into popular among the shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, in order to wrap their feet, they call this specific shoe can be ugly boots.
    ugg logo

  12. November 27, 2013 at 10:00 pm

    This specific sheepskin boots from 1910 began in order to turn into popular among the shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from any small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, in order to wrap their feet, they call this particular shoe can be ugly boots.

  13. November 27, 2013 at 10:00 pm

    This kind of sheepskin boots from 1910 began to be able to turn into popular among your shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from the small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, to be able to wrap their feet, they call this shoe is actually ugly boots.

  14. November 27, 2013 at 10:01 pm

    This kind of sheepskin boots from 1910 began to be able to turn into popular among the particular shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a new small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, to be able to wrap their feet, they call this kind of shoe is ugly boots.

  15. November 27, 2013 at 10:01 pm

    This specific sheepskin boots from 1910 began in order to turn into popular among the particular shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, in order to wrap their feet, they call this particular shoe is actually ugly boots.

  16. November 27, 2013 at 10:02 pm

    This sheepskin boots from 1910 began for you to turn into popular among your shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from a small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, for you to wrap their feet, they call this specific shoe will be ugly boots.
    ugg logo

  17. November 27, 2013 at 10:02 pm

    This specific sheepskin boots from 1910 began to grow to be popular among the shearers, sheep shearers, who take off from the small piece of sheepskin, after pruning, to wrap their feet, they call this kind of shoe will be ugly boots.
    ugg logo

  18. November 28, 2013 at 2:18 pm

    After checking out a few of the blog articles on your site, I honestly appreciate your way of writing a blog.

    I saved it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon.
    Please check out my web site too and tell me your opinion.

  19. December 1, 2013 at 4:00 pm

    There has to be a video file open in Movie Maker for this
    option to be available, otherwise it will be greyed out.
    Not only can you download the roommate movie, but you can watch all the
    other movies Find free movies watches, download the roommate movie, players, download the roommate online movie.
    Did you ever know that internet has brought for you a great source of entertainment.

  20. December 1, 2013 at 5:16 pm

    Ahaa, its good discussion on the topic of this paragraph at this place at this
    webpage, I have read all that, so at this time me also commenting here.

  21. December 1, 2013 at 5:25 pm

    I was wondering if you ever considered changing
    the structure of your site? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
    But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
    Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or 2 pictures.

    Maybe you could space it out better?

  22. December 1, 2013 at 5:40 pm

    Thankfulness to my father who shared with me regarding this blog, this blog is truly awesome.

  23. Pingback: LayafqYR
  24. December 2, 2013 at 4:24 am

    Excellent post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more
    on thjis subject? I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit further.

    Bless you!

  25. December 2, 2013 at 4:51 am

    I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with the layout on your weblog.

    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare
    to see a nice blog like this one these days.

  26. December 2, 2013 at 5:00 am

    My developer is trying to persuade me tto move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none
    the less. I’ve been using WordPress on a variety of
    websites for about a year andd amm worried about switching to another platform.
    I have heard very good things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any kind of help would be greatly appreciated!

  27. December 2, 2013 at 5:05 am

    It’s hard to come by knowledgeable people about this topic, however, you sound
    like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  28. December 2, 2013 at 10:56 am

    Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it ;) I may come
    back once again since i have bookmarked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change,
    may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  29. December 5, 2013 at 5:59 am

    wonderful publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite
    specialists of this sector do not realize this.
    You must continue your writing. I am sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  30. March 10, 2014 at 6:52 am

    Currently it appears like Drupal is the preferred blogging platform out there right now.
    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  31. April 14, 2014 at 12:55 pm

    I hardly leave a response, but i did a few searching and wound up
    here Energy drink use may lead to alcohol dependence | Heroin and
    Cornflakes. And I do have a couple of questions for you if it’s allright.
    Could it be simply me or does it give the impression like some of the remarks look
    like left by brain dead individuals? :-P And,
    if you are writing at other online sites, I would like to follow everything fresh you have to post.
    Would you list of all of your communal pages like your twitter feed,
    Facebook page or linkedin profile?

  32. September 13, 2014 at 3:37 am

    This is usually a very useful chemistry web page.

  33. September 20, 2014 at 6:36 am

    Welcome to Studio Plazma, Visit us on:

  34. September 20, 2014 at 7:36 am

    I simply want to say I am just very new to weblog and truly savored this page. Most likely I’m want to bookmark your website . You actually have good article content. Kudos for revealing your website.

  35. September 21, 2014 at 10:35 am

    I am a keen letter writer, and would enjoy to know if there is anyway of creating a letter writing community as a result of this. Creative letter writers writing to creative letter writers the globe over. I will reply to all those who wish to write and not just receive. 51 Lavender Sweep, London SW11 1DY. England

  36. September 21, 2014 at 2:09 pm

    My dream retirement would involve a good log cabin in the mountains. Who needs a beach?

  37. September 21, 2014 at 3:42 pm
  38. September 22, 2014 at 5:49 am
  39. September 22, 2014 at 7:35 am
  40. September 22, 2014 at 11:26 am

    Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  41. September 22, 2014 at 11:47 am
  42. September 22, 2014 at 12:44 pm

    BTW Bosh has its own center in St.Petersburg which makes refrigerators and washers.

  43. September 22, 2014 at 4:22 pm

    It’s remarkable to visit this web site and reading the views of all mates concerning this article, while I am also keen of
    getting familiarity.

  44. September 23, 2014 at 2:05 am

    I love you.

  45. September 23, 2014 at 3:26 am

    I don

  46. September 23, 2014 at 3:39 am
  47. September 23, 2014 at 6:28 am

    Keep up the good work , I read few content on this web site and I believe that your site is rattling interesting and contains lots of wonderful info .

  48. September 23, 2014 at 4:40 pm

    Dan has been using computers from around the age of two! He is self taught and eager to start your project!

  49. September 23, 2014 at 4:51 pm
  50. September 23, 2014 at 5:30 pm

    Is actually like an marketing programme which you do not have to really pay.
    They appear your Facebook page on their web site
    and let other folks to like it. When they like your Facebook page
    they will earn credits to market their own Facebook fan pages.
    facebook likes not showing (gosiweek.com)

  51. September 23, 2014 at 6:24 pm

    Exceptional post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Appreciate it!

  52. September 24, 2014 at 7:28 am

    The State inspection report notes that Bright Start teachers were not following a policy of using written attendance sheets because it was Christmas Eve.

  53. September 24, 2014 at 10:24 am

    As I site possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling fantastic , appreciate it for your efforts. You should keep it up forever! Good Luck.

  54. September 24, 2014 at 10:56 am

    London Spy Tours , great spy walks for all the family

  55. September 24, 2014 at 3:50 pm

    Velikost penisu je pro drtivou vetšinu mužu velmi duležitá. Pocit nedostatecnosti v této oblasti se muže promítat i do dalších stránek života.

  56. September 24, 2014 at 7:56 pm

    whoah this blog is fantastic i love reading your posts. Keep up the great work! You know, many people are looking around for this info, you could aid them greatly.

  57. September 24, 2014 at 9:53 pm
  58. September 25, 2014 at 9:21 am
  59. September 25, 2014 at 2:40 pm

    I wanted to compose you this very little remark to thank you very much over again for those unique concepts you have shared at this time. It is quite unbelievably generous with people like you to supply easily just what a number of us could possibly have sold as an e-book to generate some dough on their own, especially now that you might have tried it if you ever desired. The concepts in addition served to provide a good way to understand that other individuals have similar fervor like mine to learn a little more concerning this matter. I am certain there are many more enjoyable occasions in the future for individuals that look over your website.

  60. September 25, 2014 at 4:43 pm

    The State inspection report notes that Bright Start teachers were not following a policy of using written attendance sheets because it was Christmas Eve.

  61. September 25, 2014 at 7:44 pm

    Fantastic site. Plenty of useful info here. I

  62. September 26, 2014 at 11:00 pm
  63. September 27, 2014 at 5:33 am

    All maplestory secrets revealed !!! Including exploits

  64. September 27, 2014 at 6:15 am

    Wide in addition to custom dresses payed off affection with the brilliant warning buzzers Mother to be Dresses For Events we had,cheap yellow dresses,that attained June, in addition to any one is usually recognizing a whole new identified thank you because of this pretty appearance. You should approve simply no taking on inspired utilizing your completely new outfit, regularly in case you witout a doubt accept a dazzling fashionable styles of the correct way you want it again to search.

  65. September 27, 2014 at 9:12 am

    Kimree is a world-leading e-cigarette company. According to Frost & Sullivan, Kimree was the second largest e-cigarette designer and manufacturer in the world in terms of both revenues and production volume in 2013. The Company designs and produces a broad range of e-cigarette products, including disposable e-cigarettes, rechargeable e-cigarettes and e-cigarette accessories. Visit http://www.kimree.com/ for more.

  66. September 27, 2014 at 9:18 am

    Fast Secrets Of Chicago Long Distance Mover – An Analysis at::- CHICAGO Long Distance Moving

  67. September 28, 2014 at 12:16 pm

    Color Color preference largely affect your choice of a wallet. Hence, you’re going to get full usage of all its ports and operations without the need to get rid of the case out of your phone. Regardless of the brilliance with the artwork and constructive public reception, the exhibit encountered criticism in Ny, in which its presence in Central Park was considered a cynical use of public room for a business interest. Adidas Skateboarding are the shoes that are specifically made for skateboarding. IPads are for consuming and interacting with a wide amount of content. IRG focuses on event driven and special situations including Mergers and Acquisitions, Recapitalizations and Restructurings, Management Buyouts, Late Stage Private Equity Capital Raisings, and Asia Market Entry Strategies. A humidor adds humidity to the cigars’ environment. The ultimate fashion trend image, Paris Hilton’s design is mostly flawless, although there have actually been several occasions where she has actually been apprehended by the style police for committing fashion trend artificial pas of the greatest order.

  68. September 28, 2014 at 12:43 pm

    Very good info. Lucky me I recently found your website by chance (stumbleupon). I’ve book marked it for later!

  69. September 28, 2014 at 12:55 pm

    Always verify the truth before taking any legal actions. Hope this problem is already fixed.

  70. September 29, 2014 at 7:56 am

    Dainty yet substantial would be the perfect way to describe these treats, which are actually hollow (see below); while they are light and delicate, they do get a substantive and delicious boost from deep frying, which gives them a flavor something like funnel cake, but with a tantalizingly crunchy texture. When the mixture turns crisp and golden brown, the rosette is removed from the iron and drained on paper towels. While warm, these pastries are usually sprinkled with cinnamon sugar. A nonsweetened batter may be used to make savory rosettes, which can be sprinkled with salt and served as an appetizer. A rosette iron has a long metal rod with a heatproof handle at one end and various decorative shapes (such as a butterfly, heart, star or flower) that can be attached to the other end. When the crisp pastry is pushed off the iron and cooled, it can be filled with a sweet or savory mixture.

  71. September 29, 2014 at 8:07 am

    Dainty yet substantial would be the perfect way to describe these treats, which are actually hollow (see below); while they are light and delicate, they do get a substantive and delicious boost from deep frying, which gives them a flavor something like funnel cake, but with a tantalizingly crunchy texture. When the mixture turns crisp and golden brown, the rosette is removed from the iron and drained on paper towels. While warm, these pastries are usually sprinkled with cinnamon sugar. A nonsweetened batter may be used to make savory rosettes, which can be sprinkled with salt and served as an appetizer. A rosette iron has a long metal rod with a heatproof handle at one end and various decorative shapes (such as a butterfly, heart, star or flower) that can be attached to the other end. When the crisp pastry is pushed off the iron and cooled, it can be filled with a sweet or savory mixture.

  72. September 29, 2014 at 8:09 am

    For any closer (but safer) shave, on your 2nd time about, attempt moving the blade throughout the grain inside a kind of sideways swipe. In the event you hair grows down, shave from left to appropriate (or suitable to remaining). This may offer you a closer shave without having as significantly irritation as shaving towards the grain.

  73. Pingback: www.omlat.net
  74. September 30, 2014 at 1:39 pm

    Amazing ! thank you for this post

  75. September 30, 2014 at 8:23 pm

    I used to be able to find good info from your articles.

  76. September 30, 2014 at 8:28 pm
  77. September 30, 2014 at 8:29 pm
  78. September 30, 2014 at 10:34 pm

    I think this is among the most significant information for me.And i’m glad reading your article. But want to remark on few general things, The web site style is great, the articles is really nice : D. Good job, cheers

  79. September 30, 2014 at 11:05 pm

    Easy Plans Of Chicago Long Distance Mover – An Analysis at:^:- Long Distance Moving Companies in Chicago

  80. October 1, 2014 at 12:01 am
  81. October 1, 2014 at 12:16 am

    I agree, for the most part, but don’t you feel as if the issue is more complex than that?

  82. October 1, 2014 at 12:33 am

    You could certainly see your skills within the work you write. The world hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  83. October 1, 2014 at 3:35 am

    Casana I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. You are amazing! Thanks! your article about image1

  84. October 1, 2014 at 3:36 am

    I’m very happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this greatest doc.

  85. October 1, 2014 at 10:30 am

    Thanks for your exceptional presentation. I had been extremely pleased to the understanding lots for I and me go along with your outstanding demonstration. คาร์ซีท

  86. October 1, 2014 at 11:40 am

    Furthermore we invest concentrate towards the great high quality and quantity of energetic elements, the recommendations of real customers (not really phony), and the information around the producer. Before you opportunity out to place on additional milk, uncovered this in thoughts. When one seems that he’s polluted by any grime, he may generally clean his fingers once again and once again once again. We really understand how the correct supplement may include new daily life to some formula. There are usually many diet plan dietary supplements in the market place which claims amazing pounds loss outcomes.

  87. October 1, 2014 at 1:41 pm

    Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your, useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  88. October 1, 2014 at 5:39 pm

    Un fort merci au weƄmаster de cе site web

  89. October 2, 2014 at 1:19 am

    Hi actually excellent read through.I ought to admit aim pretty new to using WordPress well basically really new. Just starting to have the hang of it. Reading your put up has been incredibly informative. I must admit still not totally 100 percent clear in my head. So have just put your blog on my desktop so I can go straight to it and have another glance later.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *