What are the Causes of Obesity?

.

Reasons for children and adolescents to become obese

The fundamental cause of childhood overweight and obesity is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended.

Global increases in childhood overweight and obesity are attributable to a number of factors including:

  • A global shift in diet towards increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars but low in vitamins, minerals and other healthy micronutrients;
  • A trend towards decreased physical activity levels due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of recreation time, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization.

Societal reasons for the childhood obesity epidemic

WHO recognizes that the increasing prevalence of childhood obesity results from changes in society. Childhood obesity is mainly associated with unhealthy eating and low levels of physical activity, but the problem is linked not only to children’s behaviour but also, increasingly, to social and economic development and policies in the areas of agriculture, transport, urban planning, the environment, food processing, distribution and marketing, as well as education.

The problem is societal and therefore it demands a population-based multisectoral, multi-disciplinary, and culturally relevant approach.

Unlike most adults, children and adolescents cannot choose the environment in which they live or the food they eat. They also have a limited ability to understand the long-term consequences of their behaviour. They therefore require special attention when fighting the obesity epidemic.

Related links

###

3 comments for “What are the Causes of Obesity?

  1. May 31, 2012 at 5:13 am

    Hi there, is it rite to simply study from books not to visit world wide web for hottest updates, what you say friends?

  2. June 16, 2012 at 1:26 am

    Hi there my colleagues, how is everything? Here it is really fastidious YouTube video lessons collection. i enjoyed a lot.

  3. June 18, 2012 at 7:42 am

    I’ve observed that in the world the present moment, video games are the latest rage with kids of all ages. Often times it may be impossible to drag the kids away from the games. If you want the best of both worlds, there are several educational activities for kids. Interesting post.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *